Book: Robust Computing with Nano-scale Devices: Progresses and Challenges
Robust Nano-Computing focuses on various issues of robust nano-computing, defect-tolerance design for nano-technology at different design abstraction levels. It addresses both redundancy- and configuration-based methods as well as fault detecting techniques through the development of accurate computation models and tools. The contents present an insightful view of the ongoing researches on nano-electronic devices, circuits, architectures, and design methods, as well as provide promising directions for future research.
Although complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology will continue dominating the digital electronic circuits for the next 10–15 years, a number of new challenges have already stood in the way as the transistor size scales down. The rising costs of semiconductor mask and fabrication pose economic barriers to lithography. The quantum effects and increasing leakage power begin setting physical limits on continuous size-shrinking of CMOS transistors. Hence, the development of alternative new technologies has become critical. The current research advances of innovative nano-scale devices have created great opportunities to surpass physical barriers faced by CMOS technology, which include nanowires, carbon nanotube transistors, programmablemolecular switches, resonant tunnelling diodes, quantum dots, etc. Although the researches of these nano-electronics are still at their infancy, they have demonstrated promising potentials on high circuit density, low power consumption, and cost-efficient computing solution.
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