Book: E-learning And Virtual Science Centers
Publisher: Information Science Publishing
The key to the success of the clinical healthcare sector in the 21st century is to achievean effective integration of technology with human-based clinical decision-making processes.By doing so, healthcare institutions are free to disseminate acquired knowledgein a manner that ensures its availability to other healthcare stakeholders for suchareas as preventative and operative medical diagnosis and treatment. This is of paramountimportance as healthcare and clinical management continues its growth as aglobal priority area.A few basic statistics: the average physician spends about 25 percent of his or her timemanaging information and is required to learn approximately two million clinical specifics(The Knowledge Management Centre, 2000); in the UK, each doctor receives about15 kg of clinical guidelines per annum (Wyatt, 2000); up to 98000 patients die every yearas a result of preventable medical errors—in the USA, it is estimated that the financial50 billion (Duff, 2002); adverse drugreactions result in more than 770,000 injuries and deaths each year (Taylor, Manzo, &Sinnett, 2002); in 1995, more than 5 percent of patients had adverse reactions to drugswhile under medical care—43 percent of which were serious, life threatening, or fatal(Davenport & Glaser, 2002). To further compound these pressures, biomedical literatureis doubling every 19 years. These statistics illustrate how difficult it is for healthcareinstitutions and stakeholders to successfully meet information needs that are growingat an exponential rate.